Feeding of wolfdog by age
In terms of nutrition and health, for the dog is most important period of growth from 2 to 9-10 months. It is the biggest weight and height gain time. Until the 10th month, cca, the long bones grow. During the life changing requirements of puppy, adult or senior dog and needs for proper functioning of organs and physical condition. There is a difference in the ratio of calcium and phosphorus, which is important for the proper and uniform development of bones and joints.
It is also important what you feed. If you feed kibble, choose line designed for puppies - puppy, then adult for adult dogs or later for the nursing females or hard working dogs and finally senior. If you feed raw or cooked diet, changing the amount of above-mentioned meat to the side dish.
There is no need to start with a puppy kibble diet "to be sure" and in a certain age go raw, or cooked food. If you like raw food, you can start immediately after the pick up. During its growth adapt substances in the diet in the long time. This is actually the range of puppy meals, meals for youth, adults and seniors. Actualy, it is not necessary to adjust the food, when you feed raw and you can feed the same to pupps and seniors.
For feeding with kibble, it is necessary to adjust its composition with age! Universal food for any age and breed does not exist, and if there is one, rather hands-off. Certainly it is not suitable for feeding.
|Even weight gain|
Even weight gain is mainly in puppies of large breeds such as wolfdogs problematic. They tend to grow very quickly and their joints are not ready for such a burden. This may lead to disorders of the skeleton and joints, and to dysplasia. Growth is most obvious in 6-7 months, then growth continues, but less significantly. Wolfdog is growing to his 2.5 to 3 years, although minimum, but the proportions develop until 4 years. First, you have long eared and long-legged puppy, skinny teenager who is raised in a very nice muscular adolescent with strong and healthy bones.
Improper feeding can do in critical age of puppy many disasters. It is therefore necessary to give the dog the best we can, honestly Pedigree-type kibble and Chappi is it not. The absolute ideal diet is natural, therefore, meat and side dishes that contain everything a dog needs and all are fresh. However, it is important to study the theme first, before you pick up puppy because experiment does not pay out. Dog does not need daily supplements in the same composition, the composition is in the longer term and up to several weeks to months (not by puppy, by adults).
It's good to follow siblings from the litter, how they grow. If puppy grows too fast, we should consult with veterinarian or breeder better diet that we giving him. If growing slowly or not at all, consult it too, can be genetics, poor diet or health problem.
The breed has an adult weight of around 35 to 40 kg by males, by females 26-35kg. This is the real weight. Weight in the standard is an absolute minimum. The following table can show you how is your puppy gaining on weight. It should be taken into account that the numbers are just numbers, it depends on the genetics, feeding and dog gender.
info: internet (pages about german shepperds)
|Weight categories of dogs|
Ribs - no fatty layer
Base of the tail - with significant protruding bone, no fat
Belly - strongly embedded and strongly concave
Ribs - easily detectable with a minimum layer of fat
Base of the tail - significantly protruding bones with minimal fat layer
Belly - nested, concave
Ribs - detectable, with a slight layer of fat
Base of the tail - with gentle contours and a little thicker, still feel the bone structure, a thin layer of fat
Belly - nested, well-shaped shaft
Ribs - difficult to detect, with a slight layer of fat
Base of the tail - with gentle contours and a little thicker, still feel the bone structure
Belly - little or not nested, flat stem, extended back
Ribs - hard to detect with a thick layer of fat
Base of the tail - it has thick, hard dectected bones
Belly - hanging, curved, no waist, back, clearly wide, although it may have preserved the form, if the muscular part of the sides of the spine act
So this dog, on left is realy too thin for a wolfdog. The dog on right is too fat (photo: wolfdog.org)
|Feeding of a puppy|
Feeding the puppy is probably the most difficult, if you feed home prepared or raw food diet, a lot can go wrong, so this part is important to familiarize yourself with as much as you can - literature about feeding, by your breeder, by other breeders, owners.
If you feed kibble, it's easy, buy a bag for medium to large breed, age puppy and you have it - but not all brands are the same. I must write, that even when you feed raw, your puppy can have healthy joints and can be vital. But you must know, how to feed.
Very important is, that in this EARLY age, we do not add joints preparates, such as Alavis. We add them in 5-6 months and later. Ask your vet. We use Alavis or Roboran.
|Basics of feeding puppy|
The first principle is, that the puppy organism better withstand less than more. Thus, the short lack is better than overflow of minerals or other substances. Therefore, keep your puppy rather fit and slim than bold.
Puppies should eat more times a day because their stomach is smaller, eat less at a time, so give them more times a day a smaller portion, its better for digestion. They need three or more meals a day. Food must always be room temperature, never give dog frozen or hot food. Also, old, moldy,...
In the early days we follow the diet as the breeder gived the pupp, a sudden change would harm. It is good to decide, whether you feed meat or granulated food. If you want to start with kibble, add to the daily portion gradually more and more granulated of your choice. First, 25%, then 50%, 75%, to totally your chosen brand. Changes do every other day. Best is third day.
Fundamentals of feeding are on breeder. He let the pupps eat by mother and then fed by him, in about 3,5-4 weeks add to their diet meat and sometimes milk products, egg, oil,... Feeding puppies in new home is yours choice. Either prepare few food bags and give to freeze or you prepare food and give it it right to the pupp. If you give meat cooked, cook it max. 20min. (NO BONES!), in the second pot boil rice or pasta. Cut the vegetables in pieces or mix them. You can add eggs, yoghurt or cottage cheese. To cooked meat you must add calcium, because you can not give cooked bones.
|How often do we feed a puppy?|
Puppy has to eat more times a day. If we feed kibble, is exactly the quantity to be given per day on packing. Sure, you divide it into several daily doses. It is the same by natural food, which we also split into small portions. If the puppy begins to reject the portion, it's time for reduce the number of portions, but the amount will remain unchanged. This means that if the puppy get 300 grams a day, after receiving 4 doses of 75g, go to the three doses of 100 grams. Generally fed morning, noon and evening and between it after walking with enough time to digest before the next game.
Puppy should eat cca. 6-10% of his actual weight, means cca 50dkg meat, 40-50dkg rice, pasta, veggies,... or if you do not want to, you can feed only meat with veggies. Simply, the amount is cca 10% of puppies weight, bevare, is only a number, please look at the puppy, if slim add and if fat, reduce.
In wolf diet is about 18% proteins, by a pupp is optimum 22-25%, fat and carbohydrates. Some people are obsed to feed high protein. Is wrong, every extreme is wrong.
Proteins are the basics. Here we add eggs, fish, milk, meat. Too high number of proteins can cause joints and bones problems.
Carbohydrates are helping the proteins. Its energy for the organis. Are in fruits, milk, pasta, rice,...
Calcium - we feed only raw bones, calcium helps the puppy to grow healthy bones, but do not over do it. Too much calcium can harm the bones too. All bones should be with meat.
Since 8 weeks we feed the pupp:
bones with meat, like chicken skelel, ribs, wings,...
dayly add fruits, veggies, fish in own juice, oils,...
do not let the dog without food - its not good for adult, nor a puppy.
Diet for a puppy for a day:
1.food - 130g chicken skeletons with meat, neck, wings
2.food - 100g cottage, joghurt or fruit or meat
3 and 4.food - both 100g meat and 40g veggies
To show the % of food for puppy daily ration is 70-80% meat with 30% meat bones, the rest 20-30% veggies and side dishes. Its desired to change the kinds of veggies and meat. You can use any kind, that is suitable for dog, inneries once to twice a week,...If you wish to use your dog to eat kibble, than add to his every day portions a bit more of the new brand you like. Use only brand for puppies and those of big breeds. The most attention should be taken to feeding of puppies in age up to 7-8 months.
|Feeding of an young dog|
Puppy, before it reaches half of the weight of an adult dog, has twice consumption of important substances. Its 1,5 times higher than of an adult dog. At the age of 7-8 months, puppy has about 3/4 weight of an adult dog. Older than one year dog feed twice a day. At this stage of growth also underestimate the composition of the diet, the damage done at this age, in adulthood can not be corrected.
Diet should consist of 2/3 animal, and 1/3 of plant feed, adding calcium when we feed boiled, if raw add only joints medicine, if granular, it has certain benefits, that you find on the label. Into cooked and raw food diet add dairy, egg, fish oil or sunflower oil and high-quality muscle.
In young dogs diet should be mostly high quality protein sources - animal origin.
|Feeding of an adult dog|
We consider a dog as adult at the end of growth, which is the a period of about 18-24 months. Adult dog should be fed once a day, usually in the evening, but better. You can also feed them twice a day, depending on your dog and options. The ratio of substances in the diet in this period is like by young dogs. The ratio is 1/3 plant diet and 2/3 of animal. If the dog is hard working, the ratio should be 1:1 or maintain a balanced ratio as by young dog. When feeding look at individuality. Taking account of the physical activity and health. If fed granulated food, choose exactly according to your requirements, not just age, but the activity also. We monitor the weight of the dog and avoid overfeeding.
An adult dog has already developed joints, ready to work and therefore we should take account of its activities. Is it a pregnant bitch? Working dog? Dog in the yard or living in flat?
In this age is not so important to give joints cure anymore, only occasionally. But it is extremely important to give vitamins, minerals - which provides only raw food. We do not add much fat, maintain ideal weight, serve high quality protein, fish oil, ...
|Feeding of an old dog|
Czechoslovakian wolfdogs live 12 or even 15 years. Up from 9-10 years we can take the dog as veteran and its good to feed him looking at his status, he can not use the food so effective as young dog anymore. The aging is demonstrated by more white fur, not shiny coat, weight gain, loosing teeth. If the teeth are destroyed, we blend the meat and food. We also add vitamins and minerals.
Do not add hard to digest ingredients and also meat bones. Reduce the protein content in food, not too burdened liver and kidney. We give the dog more smaller meals a day. Fed high-quality muscle, dairy products, cereals, pasta. However, it is important to follow your particular dog, if is he healthy for his age, do not overdo it with care, adapted to the physical condition.
Pay attention mainly to feed high quality protein, adding fish oil, vitamin E to boost immunity and reduce dose of fat, look at weight, obesity stress the joints. In old age, add food for joints and products to restore joint cartilage.
Old dogs we give less protein, less meat and put more fats and carbohydrates so that they are roughly equal.