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Raw food

Raw food or also known as BARF, is the feeding of raw meat, raw vegetables and fruits and raw meat bones. The aim of this method of feeding is coming the closes to natural feeding of dogs and cats, as in wild.

The positive of such feeding is representation of minerals, vitamins and trace elements in their natural, ideal form for a dog, chew bones removes tartar, his breath do not smell, BARF is highly digestible, thus reducing the amount of excrements, dog takes maximum, is healthy, vital, no problems with allergies, coat quality is high, and has far fewer parasites, healthier bones, tendons,... You know exactly, what did you give to your dog, nothing is hidden behind "codes" as on granulated food.

Sure, I know, not every one has the option to feed raw, but to be honest, who wants to try, will find a way, who not, will find a reason, why he cant... BARF feeding needs your time, so you get used to his principles, what you can feed and how.

Today, owners are bombarded with commercials for granulated feed, accustomed to comfort and establish the need for daily compiled diet for the dog. By the lack of time, it is only logical that rather choose bag food "ready to go" as the raw food diet, which must be prepared first. It's like pasta in a bag for people. Buy ready-made bag, ready meals. Those who do not want to eat still the same, too salty and artificial food, buy vegetables and fresh foods, prepare them at home and know exactly what they used in their diet.

But I can say, that breeders are returning to feeding of natural diet, chemical free, rich and fresh taste, that your dog likes and is beneficial for him. They noticed, that today's dogs have more and more allergies, health problems, coat problems, dogs refuse eat such food and also think, that the dogs are missing something in food, so add yoghurt, meat, egg,... Why not feed it always?

Prejudices

Feeding the same diet is not good for anyone. Even for the wolfdog. From every side we hear, however, feeding raw meat affect your dog's behavior, increased aggression, the taste of hunting, ... But is it really so?

dog should eat the granules, in them is everything they need every day - let's look at it this way, food in nature is not exactly balanced on gram every day, sometimes just fruit, sometimes meat feast, sometimes nothing at all. It is a balance in the long time. When you think about what all sorts of chemicals and wastes containing granules (how otherwise achieve such high durability?), why give only 20-30% of meat when you can have 100%? The dog is a carnivore, he has the teeth to eat meat!

 

preparation of food is too risky for the ratio - yes, it requires a moment of your time, to learn the basics. Over time, however, get such experience that you feed the dog automatically, without much thought.


 it's expensive - from experience - I feed dog 38 kg adult, raw food - beef, pork, chicken, turkey, bones, and comes out with side dishes to about 30-35 € per month ... I think that says it all. Did really good granules cost so much?


dogs are after raw food aggressive - very deep-rooted delusion. I'll give you a few facts to think - what did dogs ate before granules were on market? As hunting dogs, which bring half dead, bleeding deer to its owner, or it must kill it by themselves and can live with the hens and the owner for many years in peace? Has ever been a documented case where a dog attacked REALLY because of raw diet humans? If properly educated and trained! We are not talking about dogs that were left alone and do not respected his master. There are dogs canisterapeuts who are fed raw ...

 

bones are dangerous for dogs - yes, but only baked or boiled. These broke down and can really hurt your dog by being stuck in the digestive tract wall. But not by raw bone. They are in a quarry less sharp and hard and heavy dog saliva allow them to slide easily in the digestive tract. By the dog kept on granules very long time, is the risk slightly higher. Therefore caution. His digestive tract is lazy. When feeding bones, therefore make sure, that they are raw, not small and sharp.

 raw meat is a health hazard - you must not worry about salmonella and parasites. If the dog is regularly de-wormed and healthy, do not worry. Gastric juice in the dog are so strong, that raw meat and bones in 24 hours spread and soon move into the digestive tract. Ganulated feed is processed by the stomach for 3-4 days, it can be called a breeding ground for microorganisms. Finally, do not buy meat of dubious origin. In the human butchery, or through friends in the slaughterhouse you can get cheap meat, for people using, it is health checked.

 time-consuming preparation - the preparation of this meal is a few tens of minutes per month more than when feeding pellets. Is it not worthy to have healthy dog? By the butcher buy for yourself and buy for dog too. There are companies that will bring the entire block of meat directly to your home. Meat rations packed in the package, and then just pull out... If you regret the time you spend for the good of the dog, going to purchase, or certainly picked up the meat, poor dog, which owner counted every minute spent on him...

 takes a lot of space - if you have not the option, just buy meat for few days. Small place in the freezer can be always found.

What can you fed?

Barf has many ways to fed dogs - you can feed only meat and nothing else. But you can also add eggs, oils, nuts, vegetables and fruits and dairy products. The other way is to add also past, rice or flakes. But also, you can add the tabletes for joints protection, for better fur, ect.

Meat - beef and pork muscle meat, fish (whole), chicken, rabbit, pigeon, turkey, horse, deer, turkey, ostrich meat, lamb, kangaroos meat. In winter it is good to give more fatty meats, for the creation of fat over the summer can give light meats mostly. You can also offer canned fish - fish in its own juices, especially watch out for salt, are suitable for vitamins and are very tasty, just once a week.


Raw meat bones - if you want your dog to give calcium naturally, so do not forget the meat bones, ideal are turkey or chicken necks, wings, whole skeletons - coated meat = meat bones. Also suitable are large pork and beef bones, which in most butchers get free, never (!) do not give cooked bones. Bones serve coated with meat, so for example ribs. However, they may cause hard stool, so serve with additional nutrients to balance the diet. Exceptions are cooked marrow bones. They boil briefly, and harden, dog chew them  longer and don´t hurt him. The bones are hollow, the central part between the joints can we fill with molten cheese.

 



Guts - fed the kidneys, liver, heart, lung, stomach, tripe, brain, ... Of what animals they are, is not important, it is advisable to have a proven source. Also suitable are trachea, ears, snouts, and the like.

Fruit and vegetables - as raw is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals. Cut it into cubes or grate, or blend. Diet should contain 50% green leafy vegetables, other vegetables 30% and 20% fruit. Dogs can not make good use of vegetables and we have to help him with blend, diced or grated vegetables. Of course, some types of vegetables shall chew by themselfs :)

Supplies - rice, oat flakes, pasta,...

Eggs - whole served from 1 to 2 in week, no more, because they are a source of cholesterol.

Dairy products - you can add to the diet white yogurt, cottage cheese and other fermented products. Watch out for milk, not every dog is OK with it, dairy products only 2 to 3 times a week - watch by puppy, dairy products are rich in phosphorus.

Ingredients - here I advise the joints nutrition, calcium, herbs, sometimes a little salt, nuts, flaxseed, olive or salmon oil (exact ingredients, see supplements)


Dried fruit, honey - both for people and for dogs contains a lot of sugar. For example. dried apples, plums in yogurt as dietary diversification is good, or as a reward if the dog likes them. But overfeeding and daily adding is not  recommended. Honey is a sweetener, it can be used from time to time to yogurt, cereals, but I would be very inadvisable, for it is not natural dog food.

Supplements

Vitamins - if you feed kibble is not recommended to be added, or by the feeding of raw food - it contains everything in its natural form. If a dog has a sufficient supply of fruits, vegetables and raw foods, are not necessary. Granules already containa certain amount,  with addition, you can overdose it. So sum up, vitamins yes, but in its natural form, and only for cooking food, in which the vitamins degrade.

Products such as Roboran - suitable for the hair, the owners have excellent results, but should consult a veterinarian. If your dog has a healthy coat, it is not necessary to give them. When you give raw food just add egg, flax seeds or oil and no need to invest big money into synthetic products.

Beta-carotene - skip! Discolour their beautiful yellow eyes and make them darker. In large quantities therefore not recommended. Beta-carotene is also in carrots and some dry food brands.

Dried animal products - pork or rabbit ears, skin, etc. - great for chewing. Not every dog's taste, but if taste is a great time killer in your absence. But look at the chemical conservation, many are because of this dangerous.

Juices, mineral water - for flavoring as a source of minerals or vitamins appropriate. Watch the sugar content of a particular mineral used only without the bubbles. Suitable tea, not hot, only room temperature.

Ration - the composition and quantity

Ration may not be the same every day. It changes so that within a week received dog several kinds of food. By amounts get oriented according to the actual weight of the dog. On one kilogram weight falls 30 to 60 grams of cooked food. By puppy is it 6-10% of current weight and 2% by adult. Attention! These percentages are only for orientation, each individual can lose weight for a given percentage of gaining or vice versa. Consider the degree of activity and adjust the dose according to the current state. Percentages are not dogma, but serve as a springboard, how much falls on the ration.

 

Age of dog Percentage of feed
2 - 4 months 6 - 10%
4 - 7 months 6%
7 - 12 months 4%
12 and more months 2%

Attention! This is a rule:

Cooked food + raw food

Cooked food + pellets

Raw food + granules

Do not mix granules with a home prepared food! It is a high burden of the stomach, you change the ratio of substances in the diet to  unknown and do more harm than good. Only one kind of food!

Concrete example of diet

Keep everything prepared at home, or try to have every time food for the dog for about 2-3 days. Meaning the meat. Just buy it and give in boxes, that you will later feed, give it in freezer. If needed, you can use vegetables or side dishes from your rations.

What do you need to buy? Mainly different kinds of meat with bones or meat alone (chicken, turkey, pork, beef, wild, fish,...), some ineries (trachea, liver, green tripes, hearts, its up on you). Fruits and vegetables can be find in any shop, but please do not freeze or cook. You destroy the vitamins. The shops are open non stop, you can get those really fresh and at any time. Meat can be find in shops or special online shops. But be careful in what comes to its quality. I prefer to buy from local meat deliveres, not blend, so you see, what you get.

Preparation:

Ideal is to give the dog a piece of meat, whole chicken, skeletons, beef with bones. Its up on your fantasy. Ideal is meat with bones. You do not need to cut it. By puppy, you can feed the same, skeleton, wings, necks, ribs,... If you want to give pure meat, you can cut it, blend or give in one piece. Ideal is to use more kinds or meat and change the kinds of serving them too. If you give only meat, its good to add a chicken wing or any other bones or egg shells or calcium in powder.

To this "base" we just add the side dishes and change the kinds. Two times in a week whole egg. Two to three times a week ineries. Mixed, cut,... vegetables or fruits. Every day. Its up on you, if you add pasta, rice or flakes. If daily or every other day or not at all is up on you. Also we can add nuts, fish in juice, oils, cottage cheese,... How you combine them, is up on you and your fantasy. Its not so important to combine as more as possible, get simply. But the rule is...

...the dog has to receive 2% of their body weight daily. The portion of meat and attachments can be expressed as 70% meat and bones and 30% vegetables, ineries, ... The exact ratio is an individual matter the age, the burden of disease, allergies, ... If the dog is fatter, increase the percentage of vegetables and if poorer the percentage increase to the dishes and fatter meat and meat bones. It is individual, because every dog is individual. If the dog is too slim, add side dishes as pasta and rice and fat kinds of meat, if need to loose weight, than add more vegetables and use chicken or turkey meat.

By feeding two times a day, the dog should get 7x meat, 5x meaty bones and 2x ineries. By puppies, you feed more times a day, the crucial are chicken skeletons, that have the best ratio bones : meat. With those you give them chewing toy, massage of gums by teeth change. You must not add anything more.

For a 40 kg adult dog we give 2% of weight, that is approximately 800g a day. Few inspirations...

Example of dinner by us (ground beef, oatmeal, whole raw egg, oil, carrots and parsley, cheese, chicken carcasses, beef heart, and cut and whole)

Fig.1 minced meat with oat flakes, pieces of chicken and lettuce, chicken carcass, oil.
Fig.2 beef on the bone, ground meat, oatmeal, apple.

In one day we can give the dog a whole chicken or pig head. To blended meat we can add fruits or vegies, seasonary and local is ideal.

You can cut the meat and add vegetables and oat flakes, add bit oil and mix with whole raw egg.

More kinds of food, that we feed, cna be found in the part "Nutrition".

The beginnings with raw food

At the beginning of the transition to BARF be careful. Especially a dog that has long been fed kibble can have problems first days. His digestive system is slimy and lazy. May have diarrhea. Does not really taste him, the flavors are fully controlled by flavored salty granules. Try slightly cook the meat, it loses its typical raw smell and may be dog friendly. Diarrhea or vomiting after BARF may occur because of the changeover, too hurry in eating, hypothermia - the meat was still too cold, drink cold water - fat from meat are precipitated on the walls of the stomach, or may be allergic to some kinds of food.

How to switch from kibble to BARF? There are several ways and each owner will choose another, individual to his dog. Either you do it at once and one day get the dog only raw, or one day get nothing and the next day meat. Another way is to do milk day the next day give the meat. The method of combining meat and kibble is not recommended. Stress the body and can cause more harm than good. If the dog is picky, we cook meat few minutes, use a fine chicken meat.

Do not cut meat, give the dog the whole piece. If the dog is greedy, slice him into pieces and gradually increasing, possibly fed from hand. The bigger pieces let the dog use his teeth and also he has fun by eating.

If you freeze the meat remember that by feeding, should have it room temperature. This means that by frozen meat could occur vomiting, or diarrhea. Some dogs have no problem with that, but take out the meat from the freezer long enough before serving. I take out the meat in the evening, give into the refrigerator overnight and then take out the morning. The dogs eat in the evening. If the meat is unfrozen before it is mixed with additives, goes into the refrigerator again. And about half an hour before dinner I take it out again.

If the dog has diarrhea from raw food, slow down the transition, first start with just a few foods, do not mix many kinds of food. Apple helps in diarrhea, which is worth adding to the diet, although you not see any digestive problems. You can cut it, serve without peel and mix it for example in minced meat. Or severe by diarrhea probiotics.