Socialization is in the life of every breed of dog and by wolfdog twice, the base of peaceful coexistence. Every dog owner, it is clear, that if the puppy will be not well-fed, he must expect in the future health problems. As well socialization from an early age, prepare your puppy for future situations, which not to be afraid of and will not have problem with fireworks or traveling on the bus. Because of this, socialization is to prepare a dog for all, of which can be encountered in the future and what should not be scared, and how to react properly.
Puppy is getting to know his own kind...
Puppy in the "normal" situation, learns many new - children, quick movements, screaming, other dogs ...
When is starting - ending period of socialization?
It is a period between 6 - 7 weeks to 10th - 12 week of puppy age. But that does not mean older dog does not need new stimulations. Conversely, add complexity to the stimulations with the age. Smaller puppies already have a foundation from a breeder. He is connection with the world of people and puppies take it as an equal. Breeder should let the pupps between 3 weeks explore more people and build a "ground" for you, the new owner. Breeder certainly has friends who will surely be glad to help - visits by strangers, is many times more effective, than if the breeder was with puppies continuously but alone.
For socialization is it never too late and it never ends.
|How the owner continues?|
When you bring a dog into a new surrounding from a breeder, let it adapt to you and create a positive relationship with him, which will help support the puppy in unfamiliar situations. Puppy is settled very quickly, because you replaced his mother. After some time - usually a few days, your puppy gets used to you, family, their new home territory. Them is the best time to go out for new initiatives. Walks should be shorter and progressive - we do not want a dog physically or mentally overloaded.
How to socialize?
In this period it is necessary, that the dog gets to know as much stimuli as he can, that can encounter in his life. So not only beautiful Tatra mountains, but also street traffic, other dogs and people.
Lack of socialization - or none, cause that the dog will be scared, it may be aggressive. For the dog owner a disaster. Errors in socialization are removed very difficult for a beginner and this dog may be too big piece of cake for such person.
What is "good" for socialization?
Many dog owners think that if a dog lives in a remote area or in a family house, do not need socialization such as a dog in the city. It's a big mistake. Just because the dog needs to know the stimuli for him unusual, to develop his psyche. The city certainly has many things that we should show the puppy and we have a short time for it. If you have a dog in an apartment, there are certainly other sounds and situations as in the garden among animals. Each wolfdog must have access to family and the house!
Puppies should by shown:
its own territory, and the house where you live and where you can spend the time with him (do not show him only the kennel or the hallway of the house and you will be in the living room - wolfdog will need your presence all his life!)
loud objects such as blender, TV, radio, phone ringing
cars passing by, standing, a dog and then placed in a stationary car, and then finally start going
fireworks, thunderstorms, pistol shots
but such a walk in the rain, fog, night after dark, the thunder - if the dog lives outside will have no problems, but a dog living in apartment may have a fear of thunder
pool, in old age very shallow water, thus preparing for a swim later
pedestrians walking alone on the street, in the group, many people at an event, the noisy people
children playing, screaming, fleeing, and especially those who want to pet a dog, a kindergarten, school
cyclist and bicycle, if you want to take the dog for a walk on a bike, the dog running next to you, runners, people in wheelchairs, old people with a mallet, with luggage, scooters, strollers
other dogs (you know, and which can play gently), dog, that must be ignored, barking dogs behind the gate, a group of dogs where they can play, but where will be not the winner - dogs which show him that is not the highest in the pack...
buses and travel in them, train and travel in it, trucks, lorries, trams going around
preparation for placement in a safety cage in the car, in aircraft, pens
not just walk through the woods, but also on the street, the pedestrian zone, shopping malls, waiting on a bus stop
escalators, stairs, elevators
other animals in the zoo, chickens and deer, pheasants (which is not for hunting, and therefore their ignorance), sheep, goats, horses, ...
large objects such as containers, roundabouts with loud music and flashing screaming people, ... lights, swings, playground playing with the children eg. football, ...
restaurants with outdoor seating, so people who eat, street musicians, people on music event outside the city, contemporary performances
loud work in the city - breakers, mixers, fire trucks, rescue, or police siren running
visit by you, laughing people, smokers and the smoke of cigarettes, people with glasses, with thick hair, both men and women, fat and slim
and of course touching the dog, not just stroking but also visit the vet and from strangers, dental examination, the testicles by males
... and many other incentives. With some, too banal dog may never have a problem, on the contrary, shy puppy may have a fear of sudden hand movement ... It is only by your imagination and initiative, what you show your puppy.
Remember that the more you show the puppy in his youth, will be more balanced as an adult and there will be not a problem to take the dog from the village to the centre of city and go with him on the bus or just the dogshow ... Also, if in young age puppy meet with cats will not hurt them, others will be able to accept dogs, if he has been denied to meet with them and play in the socialization period.
However, it is necessary to do everything gradually. Gradual short walk is ideal. Taking a puppy 2 - 3 times for stimuli outside the gate. If you have a house and neighbors do it gradually so the pupp isn´t scared by a passing car, aggressive dog... We can take it on hands why walking, by interesting suggestions put him on the ground, somewhere to take a break and play with him. It is best if your puppy falls asleep in a strong incentive - it is a sign that it is balanced. But do not be surprised if a he can handle a object a month and then it is scared. Gradually come again to the acceptance of the initiative. By strong stimuli don´t forget to think about the headless puppy escape - it is recommended to be on a leash especially when traveling or on busy places, that there is not coming to accident.
What if the dog was by socialization scared?
It may happen that the puppy but also an young dog, is scared by some new sound or object. It is important, especially from you to not panic. If you are stressed, your puppy's senses it and will stress the more. So first of all, reassure yourself and then show the pupp, that's the noise or object of fear is completely normal. With a smile, laughing, go closer to the object, patted him, show puppy, it's not killing him and give him a treat for good behaving.
In any case, do not take your puppy on your hands, and we regret the over-reaction type "Good Lord, my little sweetie!". Even a child when he fell, we do not regret. If we regret him, he would cry more. Also puppy calm down nice and friendly tone, more joyful, that we have discovered something wonderful and new, and are showing great interest in the new object.
If the object is in a fixed location, we can choose the tactics step by step as if by "accident". Alternatively, we can stop at various distances, to play with the dog and gradually decrease the distance. Never, however, take him with violence to the object of horror! Socialization should be nice and progressive with time and age of puppy higher and higher. Do not try to show your puppy all at once, we'll gradually learn and discover for yourself how much is just enough for your pupp. Do not leave the subject which the dog is scared of, immediately or too fast. Wait until the dog calm down and then slowly move away with a calm step.
In the socialization for people, take every opportunity to pet your pupp by strangers, but be also careful not to hurt your puppy especially by children. Keep a pocket full of treats for socialization, would be perfect to be slightly hungry. For a treat it goes much rather hungry than with full belly.
Little puppy does not have any vaccinations, but socialization is very important, so take the puppy out and let him walk free, but only to healthy dogs, you know them good and their health, do not let him lick and eat things on the street.